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     Monarda  is a member of the mint family and  like  some

mints  the  plants can spread rapidly.  Powdery  mildew  can

disfigure the plants if not controlled.                     

     Monarda didyma--Beebalm, Bergamot, Horsemint           

     Monarda  is  a the mint and has  aromatic  foliage  and

shaggy looking flowers.  The lavender, purple, red or  white

flowers  are attractive to hummingbirds.  Monarda is  useful

as  a  cut flower but can become a weed if  not  controlled.

Once  the  plants have bloomed they may be cut  back  for  a

second  blooming  period.  The plant grows in  full  sun  to

partial  shade and in any moist soil of  average  fertility.

In  time,  the centers of clumps become hollow or  dead  and

need to be divided.                                         

     Monarda citriodora                                     

     This  plant  is  unusual in that the  flowers  will  be

arranged in whorls in the axils near the tip of the stem.   

     Propagate  monarda  by  seed  or  division.   The  seed

germinates in 15 to 20 days at 60 to 70 degrees.  Divide  in

the  spring and save divisions from the edge of  the  clump.

Frequent  divisions keep it under control.   Fall  divisions

may not survive.                                            

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Monarda didyma - 42K
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