How Do You Say "Butterfly"?

Here are just a few ways (204 as of June 2, 2003) in which our friends say "butterfly". We would appreciate if you could add to our list. We are most eager to hear from Native Americans. (Our good friend, Pol Grymonprez of Ghent, Belgium, the source of many of our words, has pointed out that there are 4000 - 5000 languages in the world, so we've only covered about 4% of the languages.)

Note: certain words are followed by (?) indicating that the word has not been double-checked.

Language (Country): Word:
Aja-Gbe (Benin, Togo) pkolinouhoin (PG)
Afrikaans (South Africa) skoenlapper, schärlink(?)
Albanian (Albania) flutura
Amharic (Ethiopia) birrabirro (PG)
Anglo Saxon fifoldara
Arabic (Standard) farasha, abu daqeek(?)
Arabic (Algeria) bofertoto, bu frtutu
Arabic (Morocco) fertito
Arabic (Tunisia) fartattu
Aragonese birabolas(?), pitazana(?)
Armenian (Eastern) teeter, titer, teeterneeg, teeternig (PG)
Armenian (Western) teeterneeg, teeternig (PG)
Ayamara taparacu (?) (PG)
Baagandji (New South Wales, Australia) bilyululijga
Balinese (Indonesia) kupukupu (PG)
Bangla ('Bengali', Bangladesh) projapoti, prajapati (thanks to Dr AA Rahmann, Melbourne, Australia)
Bambura dimago
Basque tximeleta, pinpirin, pinpilinpauxa
Bengali prajapathi
Berber (North Africa) tèfètuth (PG)
Bulgarian (Bulgaria) peperooda, peperootka (PG)
Buli (Gur language in N. Ghana) kpalo?
Burmese (Burma) lapia (PG)
Byelorussian matylok
Cantonese woo deep
Cape Verdean Criolu gorgoleta
Catalan (Ancient) papalló
Catalan (Dialectical) paloma, palometa, babaiana
Cebuano (Philippines) Alibangbang/kaba-kaba
Central Carrier (Western Canada) tsangwelht'ah
Chamorro ababang (thanks to Diane Bachelder)
Cherokee (Native American) kamama
Cheyenne (Native American) hevavahkema
Chinese hu die
Croatian leptir
Czech motýl
Dagon peplim (pee plim´)
Danish (Denmark) sommerfugl (=summer bird)
Danish (N. Jutland) sommerflue
Danish (S. Jutland) skurvefugl
Deri (Afghanistan) showparak (PG)
Dhivehi (Maldives) kokaa
Djingli (Australian N.T.) marlimarlirni
Dutch (Netherlands) vlinder
English butterfly
English (Middle English) buterflie (PG)
English (Old English) buttorfleoge (PG)
Esperanto papilio
Estonian (Estonia) liblikas
Ewe (Togo) dyekpakpa (PG)
Farsi (Persian - Iran) parvanè or parvanèh (stress on final è-sound - PG)
Fijian (Fiji) bebe (pronounced mbeh-mbeh, 'eh' elongated) from "A New Fijian Dictionary", 1968 (Thanks to John Ragg)
Finnish (Finland) perhonen
Font (Benin) awadapepe (PG)
French papillon
Fulani lilldeh
Gaelic (Ireland) feileacan, follican (PG)
Gaelic (Scotland) dearbadan-de, dealan-dé (PG)
Galician volvoreta
Gen (Ghana) abèbe, abè, abey (PG)
Georgian (Georgia, former USSR republic) pepela (PG)
German (Germany) schmetterling
German (poetic) falter (PG)
Greek (Modern) petalou'da
Greek (Ancient) psyche
Gujarati (India) patangeo, patangiyu (PG)
Gurage (Ethiopia) billambilloot (PG)
Hadiya (Ethiopia) birabira (PG)
Hausa (Nigeria) bude littafi, malam bu'de littafi (PG)
Hawaiian (Hawaii) pulelehua
Hebrew (Israel) parpar
Hindi titli; thithili
Hmong (Vietnam) npau npaim
Hopi (Native American - United States) masivie (PG)
Huastec (Mexico) lemtutu
Hungarian (Hungary) lepke
pillango, pillangok (pl)
Ibu (Nigeria) olookolombooka (PG)
Icelandic (Iceland) fidrildi
Ila (Zambia) inkongolo; sikapempenya
Ilocano (Phillipines) kulibangbang
Indonesian kupu-kupu, rama rama
Inupiak (Alaskan native language) taqalukisaq
Italian (Italy) farfalla
Jacaltec (Mexico) nam
Japanese (Japan) choo; chou chou; chocho
Javanese kupu
Kamaba (Kenya) kimbalut'ya (PG)
Kambatenga (Ethiopia) bilatishu (PG)
Kannada (South India) chitta ("spots"), baruthe, barutha (PG)
Karok (NW California, nearly extinct) xatimniim
Kashmiri (India/Pakistan) titili (PG)
Kikongo (Congo Brazaville) lumbebeba (PG)
Kikuyu (Kenya) kihuruta (PG)
Kirwanda (Rwanda) ikinyugunyugu (PG)
Kitaita kifurute
Koasati (AL, LA, TX - United States) hacokpalpa
Kokani (India) pakho (PG)
Konni (Gur language in N. Ghana) kpanjabi?
Korean (Korea) nahby; nabi
Krio (Sierra Leone) butterfly (PG) (From single source
not a high confidence)
Kroboo (Ghana) kutuu (PG)
Kurdish (Turkey) sepirek, pürpüruk (PG)
Kwanyama (Namibia/Angola border) onanga
Kwara'áe: (a language of the Pacific) bébe
Lakhotah Sioux (Native American) kimimila (key-me'-me-lah)
Lamba (Zambia) ici-pempele
Lan (a language of the Pacific) bébe
Lao meng kabeua; maingkabula
Latin papilio
Latvian (Latvia) taurins; tauriøð
Lihua (Sudan) ukulukula (PG)
Lingala (Democratic Republic of Congo) kipouzala (PG); mpornboli
Lithuanian (Lithuania) drugelis; peteliske; petelishke
Luo oguyo
Majang (Nilo-Saharan) bimbilo
Malayalam (Kerala-South India) poompatta (meaning insect like a flower)
Malay kupukupu; ramarama
Malaysian rama-rama
Maltese farfett
Mandarin (China) hu-tieh
Mandingo (Ivory Coast) vrievran (PG)
Manobo (Philipines) kelivangbang
Maori pepeké
Maranao (Philipines) paroparo
Marathi (India) phulpakhru, phoolpaharu (PG)
Masai osampurumpuri
Mayan pepen
Mayi-Kulan (Queensland, Aus.) pardirr
Mekeo (Austronesian lang. of SE Papua) fefe; fefe-fefe
Mekeo (West) pepeo
Mende (Sierra Leone) buwa (PG)
Micmac (Eastern Canada) Miimiiges - pronounced "me me ges"
Mopan (Mexico) pempem
Moré (Burkina Faso) pilimpiko; abaga (PG)
Motu (Papua) kau-bebe
Mukuni (Zambia) limpempele
Nahuatl (Aztec) paplotl; papalotl (PG)
Navajo (Native American) k'aalogii (accent on "o"); ho'o neno
Nepali (Nepal) putali
Neuro (Ethiopia) mantech (PG)
Ngaju Dayak (Indonesia) kakupo
Norwegian sommerfugl
Oriya (India) prajapati (PG)
Oromic (Ethiopia) billaacha (PG)
Paiute (Western USA) tsoapu
Paiwan (native to Taiwan) kalidungudungul
Pakistan (Northern region) palmandook  
Patois of St. Thomas zanimo  
Persian parvaneh  
Peul (Guinée Conakry) pucharlar (PG)
Peul (Mauritania) bidilallah, bedelallah (PG)
Peul (Sierra Leone) palapala (PG)
Palauan bangikoi
Polish (Poland) motyl
Portuguese (Portugal) borboleta
Quechua (Bolivia, Peru) aliñuahi(?), urubamba(?), pilpintu, pillpintu, pirpintu, pilipintu, pilhpintu (PG)
Roma (Gypsy language, Slovakia) lepetka (PG)
Romanian (Romania) fluture, fluturi (PG)
Russian (Russia) bábochka; babochka
Samoan (Samoa and American Samoa) Pepe (thanks to Ama Tuatoo)
Sardic (Sardinia, Italy) mariavolavola (PG)
Senegalese lupe lupe
Sepedi (South Africa) serurubele (PG)
Serbo-Croat leptir
Setwana (Botswana) serurubele (PG)
Shona shavishavi
Sidamo (Ethiopia) bilach'a (PG)
Sign Language interlocked thumbs, flapping hands like wings
Sinhala (Sri Lanka) samanalaya
Sioux (Native American) kimimi
Slovak (Slovakia) motýl (Thanks to B. Uhrik)
Slovenian metulj
Somali (N.E. Africa) balanbaalis
Sotho sororomele; serurubele
Soussous (Guinée Conakry) chuani (PG)
Spanish mariposa
Spanish (Ancient and Dialectical) paloma, palomica ('dove')
Sranantongo (Surinam) kaperka (PG)
Sumatra Barat (Indonesia) angiak (PG)
Swahili kipepeo; kungu-urumu
Swazi (Swaziland) luvivane
Swedish (Sweden) fjäril
Swiss German Schmätterling
Tagalog (Philippines) paru-paro
Tatar (a Turkic language) kübelek
Taiwanese (Taiwan) ya-a
Tamil (India) vannattuppucci; pattampoochi
Telegu (India) chetakoka chiluka; sitakoka chiluka (PG)
Teso (Uganda, Kenya) eporiporit (PG)
Tewa (Native American) pojoaque
Thai (Thailand) meng peeseua; pi sugnya
Tigre (Ethiopia) tsenblale (PG)
Tigrigna (Ethiopia) tsimblalee'a (PG)
Tiwi (Melville & Bathurst Islands, Aus.) kwarikwaringa
Tok Pisin (New Guinea) bataplai; bembe
Tshiluba (Congo-Zaire) bulubulu (PG)
Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin) bataplai
Trukese nipwisipwis
Tshiluba (Zaire) bulubulu
Turkish (Turkey) kelebek
Turkmen (Turkmenistan) chuturast, kelebek (PG)
Twi (Ghana) afafranto (PG)
Ukrainian (Ukraine) metelyk
Urdu (Pakistan) titli
Urubu (Nigeria) iyenye, yenjè (PG)
Vietnamese (Vietnam) buom buom; ho diep
Visayan (Philippines) kabakaba
Welsh (Wales) gloyn byw; bayboum; bili bala
Wik-Ngathan (Australia) kalpakalpay
Wolaytigna (Ethopia) mukaw (PG)
Xhosa (Eastern Cape) ibhabhathane
Xitchangani (Bantu lang. of Mozambique) phapharati
Yiddish schmetterling; zomerfeygele; flaterl
Yoruba labalaba
Yup'ik (Alaskan native language) Caqelngataq
Zulu iveveshane; uvemvane
!Xu (Bushman language of the Kalahari Desert Dhad'hama

NOTES:
(PG) Thanks to Pol Grymonprez of Ghent, Belgium.
Thanks to J. Akers Pence of the University of Florida for some of the above.

The following list was sent to us by Nicola Stratford of Australia, taken from Macquarie "Aboriginal Words" dictionary.

Aboriginal People: Word:
Bundjalung banjalahm
Datiwuy buurnba
Diyari karlipilhi
Gooniyandi malimali
Murrinh-Patha manman
Nyungar bataplai
Paakantyi pilyu-pilyuka
Sydney burudyara
Wik-Mungkan konkoniyang
Wiradjuri buuja-buuja
Yndjibarndi gawarliwarli

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Last Updated: June 2, 2003: butterfly@mgfx.com
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